ITS pricing strategies can reduce traffic congestion and enhance the quality of service of buses.
International experience with congestion pricing
Singapore; Singapore; London; England; Rome; Italy; Trondheim; Norway; Stockholm; Sweden
ITS can improve the operational aspects of congestion pricing with minimal intrusion on traffic flow. The following data excerpted from Table 1 of the source highlight findings from several case studies that show congestion charging can improve traffic flow and increase the efficiency of public transportation systems.
Table 1 (Source: Button,K.J and H. Vega, Pricing Intelligent Transportation Systems: A Review, Report No. DTFH61-06-H-00014, U.S. DOT FHWA. 2007.)
|City||Traffic effects||Congestion effects||Public transport effects|
|Singapore, 1975-19981||- 44%; -31% by 1988||Average speed increased from 19 to 36 km/h||Modal Shift, from 33% to 46% trips to work by city bus, 69% in 1983|
|Trondheim, 1991||-10 %||n.a.||+7% city bus patronage|
|Singapore, 19982||-10 to -15%||Optimized road usage, 20 to 30 km/h roads, 45 to 65 km/h expressways||Slight shift to city bus|
|Rome, 2001||-20 %||n.a.||+ 6%|
|London, 2003||-18% 2003 vs 2002, 0% 2004 versus 2003||-30%. 1.6 min/km typical delay 2003, 2004 versus 2002 (2.3 min/km)||+18% during peak hours bus patronage 2003, +12% in 2004|
|London, 20053||Small net reductions|
- 4% 2005/06
|- 22%. 1.8 min/km typical delay||bus patronage steady|
|Stockholm, 2006||- 30% 2006 versus 2004||-30 to -50% journey time||+ 6%|
2 Electronic fee collection introduced.
3 New rate introduced.
ITS Regional Integration: Task 6 (Pricing ITS) - Subtask 4 (Final Report)
Author: Button, Kenneth
Published By: U.S. DOT Federal Highway Administration
Source Date: September 2009
Other Reference Number: DTFH61-06-H-00014
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