In Japan, a field test found that conventional toll collection takes an average of 14 seconds per car, while electronic toll collection takes only 3 seconds per car.
A test operation of electronic toll collection (ETC) was initiated at the Odawara Toll Gate on March 31, 1997 to confirm that safe and smooth traffic operation can be secured at actual toll gates.
Where conventional toll collection takes 14 seconds per car in Japan on average, ETC takes only about three seconds per car.
Intelligent Transport Systems Handbook in Japan
Published By: Highway Industry Development Organization, Ministry of Construction
Source Date: October 1997
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