Examine route-specific opportunities and constraints, and assess corridor market potential for transit services prior to implementing BRT running way improvements.
National experience developing BRT
- Evaluate the performance of the existing transportation system and identify factors that will influence corridor development. Considerations include: transit ridership, peak-period congestion on major roadways, population and employment growth, property and construction costs, land development impacts, and community desire to improve transit.
- Identify markets for BRT and how well these markets will be served. A strong central business district (e.g., with more than 50,000 jobs) and high-density corridors are supportive of BRT. Market segments include riders diverted from local bus and automobiles as well as new trips. Determine current and future transit ridership profiles (origin-to-destination patterns), expected BRT ridership, and maximum load section (point) volumes. Candidate markets include corridors with sufficient ridership potential to allow frequent all day service (preferably at headways not greater than 10 to 12 minutes).
- Select Type of Running Way. Selecting the type of BRT running way can depend upon the availability of an off-street right-of-way; the width, continuity, and operational characteristics of arterial streets; and the ability to integrate BRT operations with existing transit service.
- Recognize Public Preferences. Take into account community and agency preferences regarding BRT routes, however, the public’s preference for a BRT should have support from the transit agency responsible for operating the system. Similarly, operational treatments such as bus lanes, transit signal priority, and queue jump/bypass lanes should have support from street transportation agencies.
- Integrate BRT with Existing Bus Services. BRT components should be packaged into an integrated system of services, facilities, and amenities that reflect local needs, opportunities, and resources. Existing bus routes on streets or serving a BRT corridor may need to be restructured.
Author: Kittelson & Associates, in association with Herbert S. Levinson Transportation Consultants and DMJM-Harris
Published By: Transit Cooperative Research Program, Transportation Research Board
Sponsored by the Federal Transit Administration
Source Date: 2007URL: http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/tcrp/tcrp_rpt_118.pdf
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