Cost

A modeling study evaluated the potential deployment of full ITS capabilities in Cincinnati. The annualized life-cycle cost was estimated at $98.2 million.

Estimate of 100% ITS Deployment Cost in Cincinnati


May 2005
Cincinnati; Ohio; United States


Summary Information

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) conducted a study to explore the potential benefits and costs of fully deploying ITS operational strategies in large, medium, and small metropolitan areas. ITS deployment and operations were modeled for Seattle, Cincinnati, and Tucson, respectively. The strategies developed for Seattle and Cincinnati were based on 2003 traffic conditions while those for Tucson were based on traffic conditions forecast for 2025. The analysis considered a 25 year period. The annual costs to implement, operate, and maintain each system were adjusted to 2003 dollars. This summary report presents the findings of the Cincinnati ITS full deployment scenario.

ITS Strategies

Extracted from Table 1 in the source report, the details of the ITS strategies for the Cincinnati full-deployment scenario are presented below.

Strategy
Deployment
Coverage
Arterial Traffic Management SystemsCentral Control Signal Coordination1,700 intersections100% of major and minor arterials
Emergency Vehicle Signal Preemption1,850 intersections 100% of intersections
1,000 emergency vehicles100% of emergency vehicles
Transit Vehicle Signal Priority40 intersections 5% of urban intersections
30 transit vehicles5% of fixed-route transit vehicles
Highway Advisory Radio35 transceivers100% of major arterial corridors
Dynamic Message Signs20 locations100% of major arterial corridors
Freeway Management SystemsCentral Control Ramp Metering83 on-ramps35% of on-ramps
Highway Advisory Radio813 transceivers70% of freeway miles
Dynamic Message Signs65 locations100% of urban freeway miles
Transit Management SystemsFixed Route Automated Scheduling and Automatic Vehicle Location700 transit vehicles100% fixed-route transit vehicles
Fixed Route Security Systems700 transit vehicles 100%fixed–route transit vehicles
20 transit stations100% of major transit transfer stations and park-and-ride locations
Incident Management SystemIncident Detection, Verification, Response, and Management32 freeway service patrol vehicles100% of freeway and expressway miles
Emergency Management SystemsEmergency Vehicle Control Service1,000 emergency vehicles100% of emergency vehicles
Emergency Vehicle AVL1,000 emergency vehicles100% of emergency vehicles
Telemedicine100 ambulances100% ambulances
Electronic Payment SystemsElectronic Transit Fare Payment700 transit vehicles100% of fixed-route transit vehicles
Traveler InformationTelephone– and Web–BasedRegion-wide40% market penetration
Traveler Information System
Kiosk–Based Traveler Information10 kiosks100% of major arterial at-grade rail crossings
Crash Prevention and SafetyRailroad Crossing Monitoring Systems40 rail crossings10% of major arterial at–grade rail crossings
Commercial Vehicle OperationsWeigh–in–Motion and Safety Information Exchange4 check stations100% of check stations
Combination Screening and Clearance–Credentials and Safety4 check stations 40% market penetration
60,000 equipped commercial vehicles
Weather Mitigation StrategiesRoad Weather Information Systems10 remote weather stations100% of region
Advanced Traveler Information SystemsOne interface100% of region
Work Zone Mitigation StrategiesWork Zone Highway Advisory Radio6 locationsHigh priority locations
Work Zone Dynamic Message Signs6 locationsHigh priority locations
Work Zone Information Dissemination (Phone and Internet)One interface100% of region
Work Zone Closed Circuit Cameras for Incident Management12 locationsHigh priority locations
Lane Merging Applications8 locations100% of major work zones
Alternative Route Management30 intersectionsRoutes paralleling work zone locations
Alternative Work Hours/ Contracting TechniquesRegion-wide policies100% of major work zones
Supporting DeploymentsTraffic Management CenterOne100% of region
Emergency ManagementOne100% of region
Information Service Provider CenterOne100% of region
Traffic Surveillance - Closed Circuit Television1,100 locations100% of freeway, expressway, and urban arterial miles
Traffic Surveillance - Loop Detectors2,245 locations100% of freeway, expressway, and urban arterial miles

The table below, extracted from the source report (Table 5), shows the annual average life-cycle costs required to implement, operate, and maintain the ITS strategies identified above. The estimated annual cost was $98.2 million for the full ITS deployment and operations in the Cincinnati metropolitan area.

ITS Deployment Strategies
Annualized
Life-cycle cost
(2003 Dollars)
Percentage of
total costs
Arterial management systems
$7.6 million
7.7%
Freeway management systems
$4.3 million
4.4%
Transit management systems
$3.5 million
3.6%
Incident management systems
$6.4 million
6.6%
Emergency management systems
$1.8 million
1.8%
Electronic payment systems
$2.4 million
2.4%
Traveler information
$2.2 million
2.2%
Crash prevention and safety
$1.4 million
1.4%
Commercial vehicle operations
$23.1 million
23.5%
Supporting deployments
$45.4 million
46.2%
Weather and work zone mitigation strategies
$0.9 million
1%
Total costs
$98.2 million
100%
Private sector costs
$22.4 million
22.8%
Public sector costs
$75.8 million
77.2%

The public sector was expected to fund 77.2 percent of the ITS strategies and the private sector 22.8 percent. The private sector funds were to be used to equip the commercial trucks to enable automated screening and clearance of the trucks at check stations.

One of the strategies identified was emergency management systems. Deployment data included the number of emergency vehicles and ambulances equipped with control service, automated vehicle location, and telemedicine. At full deployment, 100 emergency vehicles and 100 ambulances were estimated to be equipped with ITS devices. The annualized life-cycle costs of emergency management systems were estimated at $1.8 million for Cincinnati.


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Source

Benefits and Costs of Full Operations and ITS Deployment: A 2003 Simulation for Cincinnati

Published By: U.S. DOT Federal Highway Administration

Source Date: May 2005

EDL Number: 13979

Other Reference Number: Report No. FHWA-JPO-04-031

URL: http://ntl.bts.gov/lib//jpodocs/repts_te//13979.htm

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Application Areas

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Emergency Management > Response & Recovery > Response Management

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Arterial Management > Traffic Control > Advanced Signal Systems

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Emergency Management > Response & Recovery > Emergency Vehicle Signal Preemption

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Transit Management > Operations & Fleet Management > Transit Signal Priority

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Arterial Management > Information Dissemination > Highway Advisory Radio

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Arterial Management > Information Dissemination > Dynamic Message Signs

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Freeway Management > Ramp Control > Ramp Metering

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Freeway Management > Information Dissemination > Highway Advisory Radio

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Freeway Management > Information Dissemination > Dynamic Message Signs

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Traffic Incident Management > Mobilization & Response > Service Patrols

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Transit Management > Operations & Fleet Management > Automatic Vehicle Location / Computer-Aided Dispatch

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Transit Management > Safety & Security > In-Vehicle Surveillance

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Transit Management > Safety & Security > Facility Surveillance

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Driver Assistance > In-Vehicle Monitoring > Safety & Security

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Emergency Management > Emergency Medical Services > Telemedicine

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Electronic Payment & Pricing > Transit Fare Payment

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Traveler Information > Pre-Trip Information > Internet/Wireless

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Traveler Information > Pre-Trip Information > Other Telephone

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Traveler Information > Pre-Trip Information > Kiosks

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Crash Prevention & Safety > Highway-Rail Crossing Warning

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Commercial Vehicle Operations > Electronic Screening > Weight Screening

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Commercial Vehicle Operations > Electronic Screening > Credential Checking

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Commercial Vehicle Operations > Safety Assurance > Safety Information Exchange

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Road Weather Management > Surveillance, Monitoring, & Prediction > Atmospheric Conditions

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Road Weather Management > Surveillance, Monitoring, & Prediction > Pavement Conditions

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Road Weather Management > Information Dissemination > Internet/Wireless/Phone

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Roadway Operations & Maintenance > Information Dissemination > Highway Advisory Radio

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Roadway Operations & Maintenance > Information Dissemination > Dynamic Message Signs

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Roadway Operations & Maintenance > Information Dissemination > Internet/Wireless/Phone

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Traffic Incident Management > Surveillance & Detection > Imaging/Video

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Roadway Operations & Maintenance > Work Zone Management > Lane Control

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Roadway Operations & Maintenance > Work Zone Management > Road Closure Management

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Roadway Operations & Maintenance > Work Zone Management > Temporary Traffic Management

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Transportation Management Centers > Permanent TMCs

Keywords

coordinated signals, signal coordination, centralized signal control, signal synchronization, traffic signals, advanced signal control, signal timing optimization, coordinated signal control, advanced signal controller, traffic signal retiming, retiming, preempt, emergency preemption, EVP, bus priority, TSP, HAR, DMS, CMS, VMS, Changeable Message Signs, Variable Message Signs, ramp meters, freeway service patrol, courtesy patrols, highway helpers, freeway service patrols, automated vehicle location, computer aided dispatch, automatic vehicle locator, AVL, CAD, AVL/CAD, CCTV, closed circuit television cameras, security, smart cards, electronic fare payment, SmartCard, smart card, SmartCards, railroad crossings, HRI, Highway Rail Intersections, grade crossing closure, railroad crossing, weigh-in-motion, WIM, electronic credentials verification, CVISN, RWIS, ESS, Environmental Sensor Station, RWIS Station, road monitoring, weather station, environmental sensing station, Dynamic Message Signs, construction warning signs, Portable Dynamic Message Signs, portable CMS, portable VMS, portable Changeable Message Signs, portable Variable Message Signs, Temporary Dynamic Message Signs, Temporary CMS, Temporary VMS, Temporary Changeable Message Signs, Temporary Variable Message Signs, camera imaging, smart work zone systems, smart work zone, smart work zones, Smart work zones, workzone, WZ

Cost ID: 2008-00164