Cost

The annualized life-cycle costs for full ITS deployment and operations in Seattle were estimated at $132.1 million.

Estimate of 100% ITS Delployment Costs in Seattle


May 2005
Seattle; Washington; United States


Summary Information

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) conducted a study to explore the potential benefits and costs of fully deploying ITS operational strategies in large, medium, and small metropolitan areas. ITS deployment and operations were modeled for Seattle, Cincinnati, and Tucson, respectively. The strategies developed for Seattle and Cincinnati were based on 2003 traffic conditions while those for Tucson were based on traffic conditions forecast for 2025. The analysis considered a 25 year period, and the annual costs to implement, operate, and maintain each system were adjusted to 2003 dollars. This summary report presents the costs of the Seattle ITS full deployment scenario.

ITS Strategies

Extracted from Table 1 in the source report, the details of the ITS strategies for the Seattle full-deployment scenario are presented below.

Strategy
Deployment
Coverage
Arterial Traffic Management SystemsCentral Control Signal Coordination2,760 intersections100% of urban intersections
Emergency Vehicle Signal Preemption2,760 intersections 100% of urban intersections
1,030 emergency vehicles100% of emergency vehicles
Transit Vehicle Signal Priority830 intersections 30% of urban intersections
2,260 transit vehicles100% of fixed-route transit vehicles
Highway Advisory Radio6 transceivers4% of arterial miles covered
Dynamic Message Signs30 locationsLocated on the approach to all
major automobile ferry terminals
Freeway Management SystemsCentral Control Ramping Metering165 on-ramps65% of on-ramps
Highway Advisory Radio13 transceiver70% of freeway miles
Dynamic Message Signs85 locations100% of freeway miles
Transit Management SystemsFixed Route Automated Scheduling and Automatic Vehicle Location2,260 transit vehicles100% fixed-route transit vehicles
Fixed Route Security Systems2,260 transit vehicles 100%fixed–route transit vehicles
40 transit stations100% of major transit transfer stations and park-and-ride locations
Incident Management SystemIncident Detection, Verification, Response, and Management32 freeway service patrol vehicles100% of freeway and expressway miles
Emergency Management SystemsEmergency Vehicle Control Service1,030 emergency vehicles100% of emergency vehicles
Emergency Vehicle AVL1,030 emergency vehicles100% of emergency vehicles
Telemedicine100 ambulances100% ambulances
Electronic Payment SystemsElectronic Transit Fare Payment2,260 transit vehicles100% of fixed-route transit vehicles
Traveler InformationTelephone– and Web–Based Traveler Information SystemRegion-wide40% market penetration
Kiosk–Based Traveler Information20 kiosks100% of major transit transfer stations
Crash Prevention and SafetyRailroad Crossing Monitoring Systems12 rail crossings5% of major arterial at–grade rail crossings
Commercial Vehicle OperationsWeigh–in–Motion and Safety Information Exchange2 check stations100% of check stations
Combination Screening and Clearance–Credentials and Safety2 check stations 100% of check stations
60,000 equipped commercial vehicles40% market penetration
Supporting DeploymentsTraffic Management CenterOne100% of region
Transit Management CenterOne100% of region
Emergency ManagementOne100% of region
Information Service Provider CenterOne100% of region
Traffic Surveillance—Closed Circuit Television1,520 locations100% of freeway, expressway, and urban arterial miles
Traffic Surveillance—Loop Detectors3,270 locations100% of freeway and expressway miles
100% controlled signals

Systems Costs

The table below, extracted from the source report (Table 4), shows the annual average life–cycle costs required to implement, operate, and maintain the ITS strategies identified above. The estimated annual cost was $132.1 million for the full ITS deployment and operations in the Seattle metropolitan area.

ITS Deployment Strategies
Annualized
Life-cycle cost
(Millions in 2003 Dollars)
Percentage of
total costs
Arterial management systems
$12.1
9.1%
Freeway management systems
$7.0
5.3%
Transit management systems
$8.9
6.8%
Incident management systems
$7.7
5.9%
Emergency management systems
$1.8
1.4%
Electronic payment systems
$5.9
4.4%
Traveler information
$2.4
1.8%
Crash prevention and safety
$0.5
0.4%
Commercial vehicle operations
$23.0
17.4%
Supporting deployments
$62.9
47.6%
Total costs
$132.1
100.0%
Private sector costs
$22.4
17.0%
Public sector costs
$109.7
83.0%

The public sector was expected to fund 83 percent of the ITS strategies and the private sector 17 percent. The private sector funds were to be used to equip the commercial trucks to enable automated screening and clearance of the trucks at check stations.

One of the strategies identified was emergency management systems. Deployment data included the number of emergency vehicles and ambulances equipped with control service, automated vehicle location, and telemedicine. At full deployment, 1030 emergency vehicles and 100 ambulances were estimated to be equipped with ITS devices. The annualized life-cycle costs of emergency management systems for Seattle were estimated at $1.8 million.


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Source

Benefits and Costs of Full Operations and ITS Deployment: A 2003 Simulation for Seattle

Published By: United States Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration ITS Joint Program Office

Source Date: May 2005

EDL Number: 13977

Other Reference Number: Report No. FHWA-JPO-04-033

URL: http://ntl.bts.gov/lib//jpodocs/repts_te//13977.htm

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Application Areas

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Arterial Management > Information Dissemination > Dynamic Message Signs

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Arterial Management > Information Dissemination > Highway Advisory Radio

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Arterial Management > Traffic Control > Advanced Signal Systems

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Emergency Management > Response & Recovery > Emergency Vehicle Signal Preemption

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Transit Management > Operations & Fleet Management > Transit Signal Priority

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Commercial Vehicle Operations > Electronic Screening > Credential Checking

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Commercial Vehicle Operations > Electronic Screening > Weight Screening

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Commercial Vehicle Operations > Safety Assurance > Safety Information Exchange

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Crash Prevention & Safety > Highway-Rail Crossing Warning

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Electronic Payment & Pricing > Transit Fare Payment

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Emergency Management > Emergency Medical Services > Telemedicine

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Emergency Management > Response & Recovery > Response Management

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Freeway Management > Information Dissemination > Dynamic Message Signs

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Freeway Management > Information Dissemination > Highway Advisory Radio

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Freeway Management > Ramp Control > Ramp Metering

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Traffic Incident Management > Mobilization & Response > Service Patrols

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Traffic Incident Management > Surveillance & Detection > Imaging/Video

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Transit Management > Operations & Fleet Management > Automatic Vehicle Location / Computer-Aided Dispatch

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Transit Management > Safety & Security > Facility Surveillance

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Transit Management > Safety & Security > In-Vehicle Surveillance

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Traveler Information > Pre-Trip Information > Internet/Wireless

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Traveler Information > Pre-Trip Information > Kiosks

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Traveler Information > Pre-Trip Information > Other Telephone

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Roadway Operations & Maintenance > Information Dissemination > Dynamic Message Signs

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Roadway Operations & Maintenance > Information Dissemination > Highway Advisory Radio

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Roadway Operations & Maintenance > Information Dissemination > Internet/Wireless/Phone

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Roadway Operations & Maintenance > Work Zone Management > Lane Control

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Roadway Operations & Maintenance > Work Zone Management > Road Closure Management

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Roadway Operations & Maintenance > Work Zone Management > Temporary Traffic Management

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Driver Assistance > In-Vehicle Monitoring > Safety & Security

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Transportation Management Centers > Permanent TMCs

Keywords

DMS, CMS, VMS, Changeable Message Signs, Variable Message Signs, HAR, coordinated signals, signal coordination, centralized signal control, signal synchronization, traffic signals, advanced signal control, signal timing optimization, coordinated signal control, advanced signal controller, traffic signal retiming, retiming, preempt, emergency preemption, EVP, bus priority, TSP, electronic credentials verification, weigh-in-motion, WIM, CVISN, railroad crossings, HRI, Highway Rail Intersections, grade crossing closure, railroad crossing, smart cards, electronic fare payment, SmartCard, smart card, SmartCards, ramp meters, freeway service patrol, courtesy patrols, highway helpers, freeway service patrols, CCTV, closed circuit television cameras, road monitoring, camera imaging, automated vehicle location, computer aided dispatch, automatic vehicle locator, AVL, CAD, AVL/CAD, security, Dynamic Message Signs, construction warning signs, Portable Dynamic Message Signs, portable CMS, portable VMS, portable Changeable Message Signs, portable Variable Message Signs, Temporary Dynamic Message Signs, Temporary CMS, Temporary VMS, Temporary Changeable Message Signs, Temporary Variable Message Signs, smart work zone systems, smart work zone, smart work zones, Smart work zones, workzone, WZ

Cost ID: 2008-00165